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{{{განმარტება}}} კეთილი იყოს თქვენი მობრძანება ვიკიპედიის სავარჯიშოში!

ეს არის ვირტუალური სავარჯიშო, რომელიც საშუალებას გაძლევთ ექსპერიმენტები ჩაატაროთ. რედაქტირებისთვის დააწკაპუნეთ აქ ან ამავე გვერდის ყურს ზემოთ სახელით რედაქტირება, შეიტანეთ თქვენი ცვლილებები და დააწკაპუნეთ ღილაკზე გვერდის შენახვა ქვევით, როცა მორჩებით. თქვენი ცვლილებები არ დარჩება აქ სამუდამოდ; ეს გვერდი ავტომატურად იწმინდება ყოველ 12 საათში.

გთხოვთ ნუ მოათავსებთ საავტორო უფლებებით დაცულ მონაცემებს, ლანძღვას, შეურაცხმყოფელ მიმართვებს და/ან სხვა სიბინძურეს სავარჯიშოში. თუ რაიმე კითხვა გაგიჩნდათ ვიკიპედიის შესახებ, მიმართეთ ფორუმს ან დახმარების გვერდებს. გმადლობთ!

დააწკაპუნეთ აქ სავარჯიშო დაფის გასაწმენდად. საკუთარი სავარჯიშო დაფის შესაქმნელად დააწკაპუნეთ აქ.

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Kings of unified Georgia (1008–1490)[წყაროს რედაქტირება]

In 1008, Bagrat, who had been King of Abkhazia (present-day Western Georgia) since 978, inherited from his father Gurgen the crown of Iberia (or Kartli, present-day Eastern Georgia). The two kingdoms united into what came to be known as the Kingdom of Georgia.

სახელი პორტრეტი ტიტული დაიბადა მეფობის წლები მეუღლე გარდაიცვალა შენიშვნები
ბაგრატ III
(Bagrat III the Unifier)
Bagrat III Unifier (crop).png მეფე აფხაზთა, კლარჯთა, კახთა და ჰერთა, კურაპალატი 960
ქუთაისი
გურგენის და გურანდუხტ აფხაზის შვილი
1008-1014 მართა
ორი შვილი
7 მაისი 1014
ტაო
aged 53–54
Nephew of Theodosius III of Abkhazia. United for the first time all the territory of Georgia.
გიორგი I
(George I)
Skylitzes.George I of Georgia (Basil II vs Georgians-2).jpg King of Abkhazia, King of Kartli 998 or 1002
Son of Bagrat III and Martha
1014-1027 Mariam of Vaspurakan
c.1018 (annulled)
four children

Alda of Alania
one child
16 August 1027
Mqinwarni or Itaroni
aged 24–25 or 28-29
მარიამ არწრუნი
(Mariam of Vaspurakan)
სომხურად: (Մարիամ Արծրունի)
(რეგენტი)
Mariam, Dowager Queen of Georgia (Khakhuli icon).jpg Dowager Queen of Georgia Before 1030s
Daughter of Senekerim-Hovhannes of Vaspurakan and Khushush
1027-1037 George I
c.1018 (annulled)
four children
After November 1072
aged at least 41-42
Negotiated a peace treaty with the Byzantine Empire, and returned with the high Byzantine title of curopalates for her son in 1032.
ბაგრატ IV
(Bagrat IV)
Bagrat iv.jpg King of Abkhazia, King of Kartli, Kouropalates, Nobilissimus, Sebastos 1018
Son of George I and Mariam of Vaspurakan
1037-1072 Helena of Byzantium
1032
Kutaisi
no children

Borena of Alania
Between 1033 and 1040
three children
24 November 1072
Marabdani
aged 53–54
დემეტრე ანაკოფიელი
(Demetrius of Anacopia)
(ოპონენტი)
Magistros After 1018
Son of George I
and Alda of Alania
1027-1042 Unknown
before 1042
at least one son
1042
aged less than 24
Opposed Bagrat IV. Supported by Dowager Queen Alda of Alania, the Byzantine Empire and the Liparitid clan.
გიორგი II
(George II)
Vie, deteils et peintures de l'eglise de Sion (B).jpg King of Abkhazia, King of Kartli, Kouropalates, Nobilissimus, Sebastos, Caesar 1054
Son of Bagrat IV and Borena of Alania
1072-1089 Helena
c.1070
one child
1112
aged 57–58
Opposed his father in 1050-1053. Abdicated 1089.
დავით IV აღმაშენებელი
(David IV the Builder)
King David Aghmashenebeli.jpg King of Kings, Autocrat of all the East and the West, Sword of the Messiah, King of Abkhazia, King of Kartli, King of Kakheti and Hereti, King of Armenians, Possessor of Shirvan 1073
Kutaisi
Son of George II and Helena
1089-1125 Rusudan of Armenia
c.1090
(annulled 1107)

four children?

Gurandukht of the Kipchaks
c.1107
four children?
24 January 1125
Tbilisi
aged 51–52
დემეტრე I
(Demetrius I)
Demetre I (Matskhvarishi).jpg King of Kings, Autocrat of all the East and the West, King of Abkhazia, King of Kartli, King of Kakheti and Hereti, King of Armenians, Possessor of Shirvan 1093
Son of David IV and Rusudan of Armenia
1125-1154

1155-1156
Unknown
Before 1130
four children
1156
Mtskheta
aged 62–63
In 1154 was forced by his own son David to abducate and become a monk. With David's death months later, he was restored to the throne, but did not survive much longer.
დავით V
(David V)
Before 1130s
First son of Demetrius I
1154-1155 Unknown
Before 1130
at least one child
1155
aged at least 24-25
Revolted against his father in 1130. Forced him to abdicate, but died a few months later.
გიორგი III
(George III)
George III of Georgia.jpg Before 1130s
Second son of
Demetrius I
1155-1184 Burdukhan of Alania
c.1155
two children
27 March 1184
aged at least 53-54
His reign was part of what would be called the Georgian Golden Age – a historical period in the High Middle Ages, during which the Kingdom of Georgia reached the peak of its military power and development.
დემნა უფლისწული
(Demetrius of Georgia)
(ოპონენტი)
King of Georgia Before 1155
Son of David V
1177-1178 Unknown
before 1042
at least one son
After 1178
aged at least 23
Opposed George III. Supported by the Orbeli noble family.
თამარ დიდი
(Tamar Mepe the Great)
Queen Tamara of Georgia.jpg Shahanshah, Autocrat of all the East and the West, Queen of Abkhazia, Queen of Kartli, Queen of Kakheti and Hereti, Queen of Armenians, Possessor of Shirvan c.1160
Daughter of
George III and Burdukhan of Alania
1184-1213 Yury Bogolyubsky
c.1185 (annulled 1187)
no children

David Soslan
1189
two children
18 January 1213
Agarani
aged 52–53
Co-ruler with her father since 1178. Ruled in a period of political and military successes and cultural achievements, presiding the peak of the Georgian Golden Age.
გიორგი IV ლაშა შესანიშნავი
(George IV Lasha the Resplendent)
George IV of Georgia.jpg King of Kings, Autocrat of all the East and the West, King of Abkhazia, King of Kartli, King of Kakheti and Hereti, King of Armenians, Possessor of Shirvan c.1191
Son of David Soslan and Queen Tamar
1213-1223 Unmarried 18 January 1223
Bagavan
aged 31–32
Co-ruler with his mother since 1207. Continued the policy of his mother, but, at the end of his reign was defeated by a Mongol expedition.
რუსუდან მეფე
(Rusudan)
Coin of Queen Rusudan.jpg Autocrat of all the East and the West, Queen of Abkhazia, Queen of Kartli, Queen of Kakheti and Hereti, Queen of Armenians, Possessor of Shirvan 1194
Daughter of David Soslan and Queen Tamar
1223-1245 Ghias ad-din
c.1223 (annulled 1226)
two children
1245
Tbilisi
aged 50–51
Period marked by Mongol invasions of Georgia. The queen was forced to accept the sovereignty of the Mongol Khan in 1242, to pay an annual tribute and to support the Mongols with a Georgian army.
დავით VI ნარინი უმცროსი
(David VI Narin the Younger)
David VI Narin.jpg King of Kings, Autocrat of all the East and the West, King of Abkhazia, King of Kartli, King of Kakheti and Hereti, King of Armenians 1225
Son of Ghias ad-din and Queen Rusudan
1245-1259

(From 1248 junior co-ruler of David VII)
Tamar Amanelisdze
before 1254
three children

Theodora Doukaina Palaiologina of Byzantium
1254
one child
1293
Tbilisi
aged 67–68
Co-ruler with his mother since 1230. Forced by the Mongols to share power with his cousin David VII (1248), he rose against Mongol domination (1259), but failed, and became restrained to an eastern kingdom, named Imereti, from 1259, where he ruled alone, passing it to his descendants.
დავით VII ულუ უფროსი
(David VII Ulu the Older)
King David VII of Georgia. Bibliotheque Nationale MS Fr. 2810.jpg 1215
Illegitimate son of George IV
1248-1259

(as senior co-ruler of David VI)
Jigda-Khatun
before 1252
no children

Altun of Alania
(in bigamy, repudiated 1252)
c.1249

Gvantsa Kakhaberidze
(in polygamy until 1252)
1250
one child

Esukan
1263
no children
1270
Tbilisi
aged 54–55
Co-ruler with his cousin until 1259. Forced by the Mongols to share power with his cousin David VI (1248), he rose against Mongol domination (1262), but failed. However, his negotiation of peace made him lord of the western part of the Georgian Kingdom, which kept the original name, Georgia.
Between 1259 and 1330, due to the consequences of the Mongol invasions, Imereti was ruled by distinct kings from the rest of Georgia. David VI and David VII, who had ruled together as vassals of the Mongols, now ruled distinct parts of the country. Imereti had a few more periods of independence, between 1387 and 1412 (during Timur's invasions of Georgia), and again between 1446 and 1452.

      დამოუკიდებელი იმერეთის სამეფო       საქართველოს სამეფო (დარღვეული)       გაერთიანების პერიოდი

დავით VI ნარინი უმცროსი
(David VI Narin the Younger)
David VI Narin.jpg King of Kings, Autocrat of all the East and the West, King of Abkhazia, King of Kartli, King of Kakheti and Hereti, King of Armenians 1225
Son of Ghias ad-din and Queen Rusudan
1259-1293 Tamar Amanelisdze
before 1254
three children

Theodora Doukaina Palaiologina of Byzantium
1254
one child
1293
Tbilisi
aged 67–68
King of Imereti. Developed friendly relations with the Golden Horde and Bahri dynasty of Egypt, and repulsed the Ilkhanate attacks. Interfered in Trebizond's politics.
დავით VII ულუ უფროსი
(David VII Ulu the Older)
King David VII of Georgia. Bibliotheque Nationale MS Fr. 2810.jpg 1215
Illegitimate son of George IV
1259-1270 Jigda-Khatun
before 1252
no children

Altun of Alania
(in bigamy, repudiated 1252)
c.1249

Gvantsa Kakhaberidze
(in polygamy until 1252)
1250
one child

Esukan
1263
no children
1270
Tbilisi
aged 54–55
Had the remaining Georgia. A heavy burden of Mongol dominance led to a political and economic crisis in the kingdom.
დემეტრე II თავდადებული
(Demetrius II Tavdadebuli the Devoted)
Demetre II (crop) repaired.jpg 1259
First son of David VII and Gvantsa Kakhaberidze
1270-1289 Theodora Megala Komnene of Trebizond
1277
five children

Solghar of Mongolia
(in polygamy?)
Before 1280
three children

Natela Jaqeli
(in polygamy?)
1280
one child
12 March 1289
Movakani
aged 29–30
Criticized for his possible polygamy. Executed by the Great Khan.
ვახტანგ II
(Vakhtang II)
Before 1254
First son of David VI and Tamar Amanelisdze
1289-1292 Oljath Khan
1289
no children
1292
aged at least 37-38
Ascended in Georgia, with the consent of the Mongols. Named II after Vakhtang I of Iberia.
კონსტანტინე I
(Constantine I)
Constantine I and Michael I, kings of Imeretia (Gelati fresco).jpg Before 1254
Second son of David VI and Tamar Amanelisdze
1293-1327 unknown
Before 1327
no children
1327
aged at least 72-73
Unlike his eastern Georgian counterparts, Constantine remained independent from the Ilkhanid hegemony. However, his troubled reign was marked by the opposition of his brother, Michael.
დავით VIII
(David VIII)
1273
First son of Demetre II and Theodora Megala Komnene of Trebizond
1292-1311
(from 1299 with opposition of George V and Vakhtang III)
Oljath Khan
1291
no children

Unknown, from Surameli family
1302
one child
1311
aged 37–38
Refused to submit to the orders of the Mongols, and between 1299-1308 he had his own brothers as kings against him, supported by the Mongol Khan.
გიორგი V
(George V Brtsqinvale the Magnificent)
(ოპონენტი)
1286 or 1289
Son of Demetre II and Natela Jaqeli
1299-1302 Unknown
before 1346
one son
1346
aged 56–57 or 59-60
Opposed David VIII. Supported by the Mongols.
ვახტანგ III
(Vakhtang III)
(opponent)
Vakhtang III relief.jpg 1276
Second son of Demetre II and Theodora Megala Komnene of Trebizond
1302-1308 Ripsime
before 1308
two children
1308
aged 31–32
გიორგი V
(George V Brtsqinvale the Magnificent)
(regent)
1286 or 1289
Son of Demetre II and Natela Jaqeli
1311-1313 Unknown
before 1346
one son
1346
aged 56–57 or 59-60
Named regent for his nephew, George VI.
გიორგი VI მცირე
(George VI Mts'ire the Minor)
c.1302
Son of David VIII
1311-1313
(under regency of George V )
Unmarried 1313
aged 10–11
Under regency of his uncle, George V. Died as a minor.
გიორგი V
(George V Brtsqinvale the Magnificent)
1286 or 1289
Son of Demetre II and Natela Jaqeli
1313-1330 Unknown
before 1346
one son
1346
aged 56–57 or 59-60
Ascended as king after the death of his nephew. Reunited Georgia in 1330
მიქელ I
(Michael I)
Constantine I and Michael I, kings of Imeretia (Gelati fresco).jpg Before 1254
Third son of David VI and Tamar Amanelisdze
1327-1329 unknown
Before 1329
one child
1329
aged at least 74-75
Opposed his brother, Constantine I. Sought to resubjugate to the crown the great nobles and provincial dynasts who had asserted greater autonomy for themselves in the reign of Constantine I.
ბაგრატ I მცირე
(Bagrat I Mts'ire the Minor)
Before 1329
Son of Michael I
1329-1330 Unknown, a daughter of Qvarqare II Jaqeli
1358
three children
1372
aged at least 74-75
Still a minor, was deposed by George V the Magnificent.
გიორგი V ბრწყინვალე
(George V Brtsqinvale the Magnificent)
1286 or 1289
Son of Demetre II and Natela Jaqeli
1330-1346 Unknown
before 1346
one son
1346
aged 56–57 or 59-60
A flexible and far-sighted politician, he recovered Georgia from a century-long Mongol domination, restoring the country’s previous strength and Christian culture.
დავით IX
(დავით IX)
Before 1346
Son of George V
1346-1360 Sindukhtar
before 1360
two children
1360
aged at least 13-14
The prosperity of the kingdom did not last, as the Black Death swept through the area in 1348.
ბაგრატ V დიდი
(Bagrat V Didi the Great)
King of Kings, Autocrat of all the East and the West, King of Abkhazia, King of Kartli, King of Kakheti and Hereti Before 1360
Son of George V
1360-1387

1392-1393
Helena Megala Komnene of Trebizond
before 1366
two children

Anna Megala Komnene of Trebizond
June 1366
one child
1393
aged at least 32-33
A fair and popular ruler, was imprisoned by the Golden Horde. Agreed to convert from Christianity and become Muslim.
ბაგრატ V დიდი
(Bagrat V Didi the Great)
Before 1360
Son of George V
1387-1392 Helena Megala Komnene of Trebizond
before 1366
two children

Anna Megala Komnene of Trebizond
June 1366
one child
1393
aged at least 32-33
In 1387, ruler only of the eastern part of Georgia.
ალექსანდრე I
(Alexander I)
After 1358
First son of Bagrat I
1387-1389 Anna Orbeliani
Before 1389
two children
1389
aged not more than 30-31
Still a minor, was deposed by George V the Magnificent.
გიორგი I
(George I)
After 1358
Second son of Bagrat I
1389-1392 Unmarried 1392
aged not more than 33-34
In 1392 Imereti is reannexed to Georgia.
გიორგი VII
(George VII)
Before 1366
Son of Bagrat V and Helena Megala Komnene of Trebizond
1393-1396 Unmarried 1407
aged at least 40-41
Loses Imereti again in 1396.
გიორგი VII
(George VII)
Before 1366
Son of Bagrat V and Helena Megala Komnene of Trebizond
1396-1407 Unmarried 1407
aged at least 40-41
კონსტანტინე II
(Constantine II)
After 1358
Second son of Bagrat I
1396-1401 Unmarried 1401
aged not more than 42-43
In 1396, Constantine took advantage of George VII's continuous war with Timur—in which a great number of Imeretians died—and the death of Vameq Dadiani and returned to Imereti.
კონსტანტინე I
(Constantine I)
Constantine I relief.jpg c.1366
Son of Bagrat V and Anna Megala Komnene of Trebizond
1407-1412 Natia Amirejibi
c.1389
three children
1412
aged 45–46
დემეტრე I
(Demetrius I)
Before 1389
Son of Alexander I and Anna Orbeliani
1401-1412 Unknown
Before 1445
no children
1445
aged at least 55-56
From 1412 accepts suzerainty from Georgia and rules as duke.
ალექსანდრე I დიდი
(Alexander I Didi the Great)
ალექსანდრე I დიდი (crop).jpg 1386
Son of Constantine I and Natia Amirejibi
1412-1442 Dulandukht Orbeliani
c.1411
three children

Tamar of Imereti
c.1414
three children
27 August 1445 or 7 March 1446
aged 58–59-60
Regains Imereti in 1412. Despite his efforts to restore the country from the ruins left by the Turco-Mongol warlord Timur's invasions, Georgia never recovered and faced the inevitable fragmentation that was followed by a long period of stagnation. He was the last ruler of a united Georgia which was relatively free from foreign domination. Abdicated.
ვახტანგ IV
(Vakhtang IV)
1413
Son of Alexander I and Dulandukht Orbeliani
1442-1446 Sitikhatun Panaskerteli-Tsitsishvili
c.1442
no children
December 1446
aged 32–33
გიორგი VIII
(George VIII)
George VIII of Georgia charter 1460-2.jpg 1417
Son of Alexander I and Tamar of Imereti
1446-1465 Tamar
1445
five children?
Nestan-Darejan
1456
five children?
1476
aged 58–59